TYPES OF CHILD ABUSE
Published Nov. 8, 2020, 2:05 p.m. by Moderator
According to The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC); child mistreatment is any single or multiple acts by any person whether a grown-up or youngster that results in considerable injury to a minor. Examples of child abuse include domestic abuse, sexual abuse, child neglect, and physical abuse (Nspcc, 2018).
Domestic abuse is when a child is exposed to incidences of domestic violence involving family members. As children witness domestic abuse they learn that violence is the appropriate method of dealing with stressful situations or gaining power over a person. Children in such situations tend to be overly aggressive, rebellious, experience periods of extreme unease or depression. They also have learning difficulties due to the disruptions in their home environment.
Sexual abuse is when a minor is forced through violence or influenced through ‘inducements’ to partake in sexual activities. This could take the form of carnal knowledge, exposing genitalia, porn, online grooming, or prostitution. Children experiencing sexual abuse seem withdrawn, they are usually afraid of being alone with certain members of the family or friends. They also demonstrate sexual manners or language unsuitable for a child. In some cases, they become promiscuous and end up becoming pregnant or contracting sexually transmitted diseases (Americanspcc, 2018).
Child neglect is the constant failure of a parent or primary caregiver to give a child an adequate amount of basic needs. This is risky and it can cause severe and lasting damage. Children in these circumstances have poor hygiene, appear unkempt, famished, are always tired, have cases of untreated or recurring illnesses, and have problems in socializing. In some cases, the child adopts the role of the primary caregiver for the rest of the family. Neglect is mostly caused by absentee parenting, domestic violence, separation, and drug or alcohol abuse.
Physical abuse is intentionally harming a minor to cause noticeable bodily injuries for example contusions, numerous burns, bite marks, numerous fractures at various phases of healing. In cases of poisoning, this is evidenced by disfigurement, lethargy, convulsions, and respiratory problems that result from drowning, suffocation, or strangulation (Nspcc, 2018).
Emotional abuse is known as the use of strong, offensive, threatening language to disparage, scare, and overpower a child’s will. This can happen when the parents are going through marriage difficulties and they take it on the children. Children in such circumstances tend to be overly welcoming (naïve) towards strangers and have a dysfunctional relationship with parents. They also act out aggressively when interacting with other kids and/or when playing with animals. They have fewer friends and will easily use foul language (Dryden-Edwards, 2018).
The long-standing effects of child abuse cannot be underestimated. For children, abuse is devastating as it interferes with their process of physical and emotional development. Children in these cases have difficulties in forming emotional bonds and in later life they are unable to hold jobs or make lifetime friends. These feelings of loneliness and abandonment lead to drug, alcohol abuse, and eventual suicide or involvement in criminal activities.
The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. (2018). Preventing-Abuse. Retrieved from https://www.nspcc.org.uk/preventing-abuse/signs-symptoms-effects/
American Society for the Positive Care of Children. (2018). What is Child Abuse. Retrieved from https://americanspcc.org/our-voice/child-abuse/
Dryden-Edwards, R.(2018). Child Abuse. Retrieved from www.medicinenet.com/child_abuse_facts/article.htm